It is often contrasted with the similarly inclusive painor suffering, of all our feeling bad. This suggests simple explanations both of why people pursue pleasure and why there are reasons to do so. That we may prefer and choose something for its pleasure suggests that there are facts about pleasure that make some such choices better than others.
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Educational Psychology Review. In this article, we introduce this special issue by establishing a conceptual foundation for the distinction between approach and avoidance motivation. We do so primarily by explicating several reasons why the approach—avoidance distinction should be viewed as fundamental and basic to the study of human behavior.
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The chemical dopamine induces both desire and dread, according to new animal research in the July 9 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience. Although dopamine is well known to motivate animals and people to seek positive rewards, the study indicates that it also can promote negative feelings like fear. The finding may help explain why dopamine dysfunction is implicated not only in drug addiction, which involves excessive desire, but in schizophrenia and some phobias, which involve excessive fear.
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Affective neuroscience aims to understand how affect pleasure or displeasure is created by brains. Progress is aided by recognizing that affect has both objective and subjective features. Those dual aspects reflect that affective reactions are generated by neural mechanisms, selected in evolution based on their real objective consequences for genetic fitness.
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You've read 1 of 2 free monthly articles. Learn More. This foot horizontal plank-like feature is the most famous part of the route: not for its physical difficulty, but for its stomach-churning exposure.
Most centrally, it will be helpful to understand our brainsbecause it is our brains that generate happiness and goals. In particular, I'd like to explore the neuroscience of pleasure and desire. Today's post covers the neuroscience of pleasure; the next post will cover the neuroscience of desire. After each post I'll consider some of the implications for self-help.